28 January 2024

Slusar and colleagues, 2023

Cover to Scientific Horizons
Slusar M, Muzhenko A, Kovalchuk I, Borshchenko V, Verbelchuk T. 2023. Study of the embryonic period of female crayfish egg development in different species. Scientific Horizons 26(12): 22-31. https://doi.org/10.48077/scihor12.2023.22


Freshwater crayfish farming is a promising area of production in the food market. This aquaculture industry is currently gaining popularity around the world, but given the high consumer demand, it requires modernisation. The efficiency of aquaculture production is based on the introduction of innovative methods into production processes, which are based on knowledge of biological characteristics, including reproductive capacity and the embryonic period of caviar development. The study aims to assess the reproductive quality of females and determine the incubation period of caviar, its quantity, weight, and survival rate. The study presents the results of research on the reproductive qualities and embryonic period of crayfish eggs of four species (Cherax quadricarinatus, Procambarus clarkii, Procambarus fallax forma virginalis, Cherax destructor) kept in separate closed water supply tanks at an optimal planting density of 4 individuals per 0.45 m2 . Studies have shown that the colour range of caviar and the duration of the incubation period for its maturation varies among different crayfish species. Thus, the first stage of incubation was the shortest and ranged from 2.80 (Florida crayfish) to 3.55 (destructor crayfish) days, while the second stage lasted the longest – from 13.17 to 15.80 days for Australian and broad-toed crayfish, respectively. Based on the analysis of the physiological characteristics of the female crayfish micropopulation, they were divided into quality categories, considering the following indicators: female weight, egg weight, total number of eggs, and number of eggs per 1 g of female. Females of the Australian red snapper of the excellent category was the best among all species in terms of live weight (63.0±0.67 g), egg weight (5.0±0.05 g) and total number of eggs (376.8±16.34 pcs.), the lowest similar indicators were in the marble species (16.8±0.15 g, 1.6±0.03 g, 124.5±2.66 pcs.), respectively. In terms of the number of eggs per 1 g of female weight, Florida crayfish prevailed (7.8±0.19). Instead, the destructor crayfish had intermediate results in these characteristics. The study results can be used in the economic activities of enterprises producing aquatic organisms.

Keywords: Cherax quadricarinatusProcambarus clarkii • Procambarus fallax forma virginali (sic) • Cherax destructor • reproductive female qualities

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