03 March 2008

Rieger and Harschz, 2008

Tissue and Cell coverRieger V & Harzsch S. 2008. Embryonic development of the histaminergic system in the ventral nerve cord of the Marbled Crayfish (Marmorkrebs). Tissue and Cell 40(2): 113-126.


The embryonic development of neurotransmitter systems in crustaceans so far is poorly understood. Therefore, in the current study we monitored the ontogeny of histamine-immunoreactive neurons in the ventral nerve cord of the Marbled Crayfish, an emerging crustacean model system for developmental studies. The first histaminergic neurons arise around 60% of embryonic development, well after the primordial axonal scaffold of the ventral nerve cord has been established. This suggests that histaminergic neurons do not serve as pioneer neurons but that their axons follow well established axonal tracts. The developmental sequence of the different types of histaminergic neurons is charted in this study. The analysis of the histaminergic structures is also extended into adult specimens, showing a persistence of embryonic histaminergic neurons into adulthood. Our data are compared to the pattern of histaminergic neurons in other crustaceans and discussed with regard to our knowledge on other aspects of neurogenesis in Crustacea. Furthermore, the possible role of histaminergic neurons as characters in evolutionary considerations is evaluated.

Keywords: Arthropoda • neurophylogeny • development • neurotransmitter • neurogenesis • histamine

No comments: